• Research

Sleep biology updates: Hemodynamic and autonomic control in sleep disorders - Metabolism. 2018 Jul;84:3-10

Tamisier R, Weiss JW, Pépin JL
doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2018.03.012
https://www.metabolismjournal.com/article/S0026-0495(18)30084-2/fulltext

Abstract

Sleep disorders like obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, periodic limb movements in sleep syndrome, insomnia and narcolepsy-cataplexy are all associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. These disorders share an impaired autonomic nervous system regulation that leads to increased cardiovascular sympathetic tone. This increased cardiovascular sympathetic tone is, in turn, likely to play a major role in the increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Different stimuli, such as intermittent hypoxia, sleep fragmentation, decrease in sleep duration, increased respiratory effort, and transient hypercapnia may all initiate the pathophysiological cascade leading to sympathetic overactivity and some or all of these are encountered in these different sleep disorders. In this manuscript, we outline the different pathways leading to sympathetic over-activity in different sleep conditions. This augmented sympathetic tone is likely to play an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease in patients with sleep disorders, and it is further hypothesized to that sympathoexcitation contributes to the metabolic dysregulation associated with these sleep disorders.


Published on August 22, 2018